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English Grammar (The Same Word Used As Different Parts of Speech)

The following are some of the most important words which may belong to different parts of speech according to the way in which they are used:

Next
 
Adjective.        I shall see you next Tuesday.
Adverb.           What next?
Preposition.    She was sitting next her.
Noun.              He will tell you more about it in his next.
 
Right
 
Verb.              This is a fault that will right itself.
Adjective.       He is the right man for the position.
Noun.              I ask it as a right.
Adverb.           Serves her right! She stood right in my way.

Little

Adjective.        There is little danger in going to that place.
Adverb.            Thomas eats very little.

More

Adjective.        We want more women like her.
Pronoun.         More of us are getting stressed out at work nowadays.
Adverb.           Ron should talk less and work more.

Only

Adjective.          It was her only chance.
Adverb.             She was only foolish.
Conjunction.     Take what I have, only ( = but) let me go.

Over

Adverb.              Read it over carefully.
Noun.                 In one over he took three wickets.
Preposition.       At thirty, a change came over her.

Why

Interro. Adverb.   Why did you do it?.
Relative Adverb.  I know the reason why she did it.
Interjection.         Why, it is surely Tom!
Noun.                   This is not the time to go into the why and the how of it.

What

Inter. Adjective.    What evidence have you got?
Interjection.          What! you don't mean to say so?
Inter. Pronoun.     What does she want?
Relative Pronoun. Give me what you can. What happened then, I do not know.

Up

Adverb.                 Prices are up.
Preposition.          Let her go up the mountain.
Adjective.             The next up train will leave here at 11.30.
Noun.                    I have had my ups and downs of fortune.

Since

Preposition.           Since that evening, I have not seen her.
Conjunction.          Since there's no hope, let us kiss and part.
Adverb.                  I have not met her since.

Before

Adverb.                  I have seen you before.
Preposition.           She came before the appointed time.
Conjunction.          Jim went away before I came.

Even

Adjective.              The chances are even.
Verb.                      Let them even the ground.
Adverb.                  Does she even suspect the danger?

Both

Adjective.               You can not have it both ways.
Pronoun.                Both of them are dead.
Conjunction.           Both the cashier and the accountant are handsome.

Either

Adjective.               Either ball is good enough.
Pronoun.                Ask either of them.
Conjunction.           Peter must either work or starve.

 


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